Star City Man First at UAMS to Receive Z-Fen Graft

By Benjamin Waldrum

Mohammed Moursi, M.D., chief of vascular surgery and program director of the vascular surgery residency program at UAMS, performed the procedure on Harvey using the Zenith Fenestrated AAA Endovascular graft, or z-fen, to treat an abdominal aortic aneurysm.

The aorta is the main blood vessel that supplies blood to the abdomen, pelvis and legs. An abdominal aortic aneurysm occurs when an area of the aorta becomes very large or balloons out. The larger the aneurysm, the more likely it is to break open or tear, which can be life-threatening.

Until recently, vascular surgeons could only repair the aneurysm through an open surgery for those with more complicated cases, like Harvey. Now, they can use the z-fen graft, which only requires a small incision in the groin. That means shorter hospital stays and quicker recoveries.

The difference is in where the aneurysm occurs, said Moursi. “About 95 percent of the aortic aneurysms we see occur below the kidney arteries,” he said. “But there is a small percentage that involves the aorta above the kidney arteries, and that’s where the z-fen comes in.”

A standard endovascular stent graft resembles a Chinese finger trap, with zigzagging wires wrapped around a fabric tube about the size of a pencil. Surgeons carefully construct and expand the graft inside the aorta using balloons and the self-expanding nature of the stent material.

The minimally invasive surgery can prevent certain patients from having kidney failure.

What makes the z-fen unique is that it has fenestrations, or holes, to allow blood flow to the renal arteries. Each graft is specially made, said Moursi. “We measure exactly where the kidney arteries are and fit it to the patient’s exact anatomy,” he said.

Harvey, of Star City, is the first recipient of a z-fen graft at UAMS. He’s survived two aortic aneurysms – the first in 2007. Just two weeks removed from surgery, Harvey is already walking around comfortably and has no pain. Accompanied by his daughter, Brandi Rhoden and granddaughter Calli, both of White Hall, Harvey speaks slowly and deliberately.

“I’m still here,” Harvey said, in a reedy Southern drawl. “I’ve been home for two weeks recovering. I’m doing fine. It hasn’t been hurting any.”

Abdominal aortic aneurysms are the 13th leading cause of death in the United States. Often, patients have no idea they have an aneurysm until it’s discovered – or bursts.

“You don’t know that you’ve got an aneurysm,” Harvey said. “You don’t know they’re there. If the doctors don’t come and check it, you’re not going to know it.”

Harvey’s first aneurysm required the open surgery option, which made recovery difficult.

“They had to cut me wide open and take all my insides out to get to it,” he said. “The recovery on it was long. Took me a long time to heal.”

A series of CT scans in the ensuing years discovered the second aneurysm. That’s when Harvey was referred to UAMS, and Moursi. He credits Moursi and UAMS with saving his life.

“The doctors brought me back alive,” Harvey said. “I’m real proud of what they’ve done. I don’t think I’d have had very long if they hadn’t done it.”

UAMS is the state's only health sciences university, with colleges of Medicine, Nursing, Pharmacy, Health Professions and Public Health; a graduate school; hospital; a main campus in Little Rock; a Northwest Arkansas regional campus in Fayetteville; a statewide network of regional campuses; and seven institutes: the Winthrop P. Rockefeller Cancer Institute, Jackson T. Stephens Spine & Neurosciences Institute, Harvey & Bernice Jones Eye Institute, Psychiatric Research Institute, Donald W. Reynolds Institute on Aging, Translational Research Institute and Institute for Digital Health & Innovation. UAMS includes UAMS Health, a statewide health system that encompasses all of UAMS' clinical enterprise including its hospital, regional clinics and clinics it operates or staffs in cooperation with other providers. UAMS is the only adult Level 1 trauma center in the state. U.S. News & World Report recognized UAMS Medical Center as a Best Hospital for 2021-22; ranked its ear, nose and throat program among the top 50 nationwide for the third year; and named five areas as high performing — colon cancer surgery, diabetes, hip replacement, knee replacement and stroke. Forbes magazine ranked UAMS as seventh in the nation on its Best Employers for Diversity list. UAMS also ranked in the top 30% nationwide on Forbes’ Best Employers for Women list and was the only Arkansas employer included. UAMS has 2,876 students, 898 medical residents and six dental residents. It is the state's largest public employer with more than 10,000 employees, including 1,200 physicians who provide care to patients at UAMS, its regional campuses, Arkansas Children's, the VA Medical Center and Baptist Health. Visit or Find us on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube or Instagram.